Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) delivered his last and final sermon the the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, 10 A.H on the valley of Mount Arafat in Mecca. As per annual rites of the Hajj, we do the same when we embark on our Hajj pilgrimage.
The sermon contain a few points that are incredible relevant to us, wether it be us 30 years ago or us to this very day. The message and the points that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) made in his final sermon were a plethora of lessons to be learnt by us as an ummah. This article will be placing certain emphasis on the points that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) made in his sermon.
- “Regard life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust”
The theme of Ummah is very large in Islam. Islam preaches the need to connect with your fellow Muslims and to guide each other, to protect and support each other. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w), according to a hadith, said : “Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Most Merciful”. Allah (s.w.) watches us on how we treat our brothers and sisters, on how we treat His creations. Therefore, watch over and protect the ummah. Pray for the ummah. We are all living in His creation and it is far too big of a dunya to not help one another.
- “Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you”
Doing no harm is just as important. Imagine causing pain or hurting the hearts that are loved by Allah (s.w.t). How would you bear to stand in front of Allah (s.w.t) admitted that you hurt the heart of those creations that He loves? Therefore, watch your tongue and your actions. Indeed, you gain a greater reward.
- “You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequality”
In this day and age, with the rise of ignorance and racism. More and more injustice is seen every single day. We see hatred, we see violence and we see pain. But as an ummah, we need to follow in the words of our Prophet (pbuh) and Allah (s.w.t). We need to change within ourselves. Remove all the bigotry and hate, replace it with love and compassion and mercy.
- “Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion”
“He has lost all hope that he will be able to lead you astray in big things so beware of following him in small things”.
Since the creation of Adam (as), Iblis has defied the orders of Allah (s.w.t). Since then, his primary goal is to lead the creations of Allah (s.w.t) astray. Therefore, monitor yourself. The small sins that seem to be innocent are just a means of Satan to implement you to commit more sins. His tactics are intelligent but our love and need to please Allah (s.w.t) has to be stronger than the devil.
- “It is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women but they also have rights over you”
“Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers”
Feminism is a huge topic now as well. And most people mistake Islam as a religion of female oppression. However, this is just proof that it is the exact opposite of oppression. In the Quran, females are given right to land, right to a home, right to money and so much more. According to a hadith, the Prophet (pbuh) claims : “The best of you are those who are best to their wives”. Allah (s.w.t) loves all His creations equally, regardless of gender. And on the Day of Judgement, we will all be testing equally regardless of our gender.
- “Worship Allah, say your five daily prayers, fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford it.”
The five pillars of Islam were mentioned. The foundation of every Muslim.
- “All mankind is from Adam and Eve”
“An Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab not a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a White has no superiority over a Black not a Black has any superiority over a White except by piety and good action”
“Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood”
Even before the concept of racism was born, Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and Allah (s.w.t), The All-Knowing, already knew the struggle of our ummah. And they established the law over it. SubhanAllah.
- “Do not therefore do injustice to yourself. Remember one day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds.”
A reminder that none of us can hide from the Day of Judgement.
- “No Prophet of apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born”
“I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray”
The two things that we need to follow and learn from to please Allah (s.w.t) and to be granted into Jannah.
- “All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others sad those to others again.”
A means of dawah. For one muslim to pass on the message so that we can all reap the benefits. Another clear example of the importance and beauty of an ummah.
- The final passage of the Quran was revealed to the Prophet, Surah 5, Ayah 3.
One this day, on his final sermon, Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) was revealed the final passage of the Quran which reads :
“This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.” (5:3, The Holy Quran)